Techniques of Cutting on Action

How to make transitions between different shots and scenes when editing a film? Often times the editor will strangle to find and match cuts for a smooth transition between the shots and scenes.

To make edits less visible film editors use a style of editing called Continuity editing. One technique, Continuity editing, is using match cuts to change the scene or point of view. Match cuts carry over visual or audio elements from one shot to the next to make the edit nearly invisible to the viewer.

According to Tindell, there are three types of much cuts:

Graphical Match
When a visual element is carried over from one shot to the next shot.

Match on Action Cut
The movement of a character or object is carried over from one shot to the next shot.

Sound Bridge
Carries over a sound element from one shot to the next shot.

Cutting on action can also be used to carry the viewer through time to help transition the viewer into the next scene. The continuity of the action should tell us that this is the same character (Tindell, 2016).

Match on Action Cut Between Shots

An example of a match on action cut between shots can be seen in The Insider (00:10:13 to 00:10:17). Watch The Insider from 00:10:08 to 00:10:36 to see match on action cut and sound bridge. Overlapping obviously adds “a few frames so that all elements of the character overlap with each other for a much more natural appearance” (Priebe, 2011, p.211).

Match on Action Cut Between Two Scenes

An example of brilliant Match cut between two different scenes, which has the same character carried through time, is City of God: the chicken chase. It seems like a perfect example of using Parallel editing. Parallel cutting is used to show two parallel actions taking place at the same time (Kobre, 2012, p.194).

Tindell, John. 2016. Match Cuts in Film Editing.
Kobre, Kenneth. 2012. Videojournalism: Multimedia Storytelling.
Priebe, Kenneth A. 2011. The Advanced Art of Stop-Motion Animation.